how to grow plants with hydroponics

If you’re a gardening enthusiast but lack outdoor space or are looking for a new way to grow plants, hydroponics might be the perfect solution for you. Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil, using nutrient-rich water instead. Not only does it save space and water, but it also allows for year-round gardening and faster growth. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know to start growing plants with hydroponics.

What is Hydroponics?


Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil, using nutrient-rich water instead. The plants are grown in a controlled environment, where the water and nutrients are carefully regulated. This allows the plants to grow faster and healthier than traditional gardening methods. Hydroponics can be done indoors or outdoors and is suitable for a wide range of plants, including vegetables, herbs, and flowers.

Why Choose Hydroponics?

Hydroponics Advantages

There are several advantages to choosing hydroponics over traditional gardening methods:

  • Space-saving: Hydroponics takes up less space than traditional gardening, making it ideal for urban environments or small homes.
  • Water-saving: Hydroponics uses up to 90% less water than traditional gardening, as the water is reused and recycled through the system.
  • Faster growth: Hydroponic plants can grow up to 50% faster than traditional plants, as they receive a continuous supply of nutrients and water.
  • No soil-borne diseases: Hydroponics eliminates the risk of soil-borne diseases and pests, making it a cleaner and healthier option.
  • Year-round gardening: Hydroponics allows for year-round gardening, regardless of the weather or season.
See also  how to make a hydroponic growing system

What You Need to Get Started

Hydroponics Equipment

Before you can start growing plants with hydroponics, you’ll need to gather some essential equipment:

  • Container: This is where your plants will grow. You can use anything from a plastic bucket to a dedicated hydroponic system.
  • Growing medium: This is what supports your plants and helps distribute the water and nutrients. Common growing mediums include perlite, vermiculite, and coconut coir.
  • Nutrient solution: This is what feeds your plants. You can buy pre-made nutrient solutions or make your own using a combination of water and fertilizer.
  • pH meter: This is used to measure the acidity of your nutrient solution, as plants require a specific pH range to grow.
  • Light source: Plants need light to grow, and indoor hydroponics systems require a suitable light source such as LED lights.
  • Seeds or seedlings: This is what you’ll be growing! Choose a plant that is suitable for hydroponics and matches your growing conditions.

Setting Up Your Hydroponic System

Hydroponic System

Once you have all your equipment, it’s time to set up your hydroponic system:

  1. Choose a location: Your hydroponic system should be located in a well-ventilated area with easy access to electricity and water.
  2. Assemble your system: Follow the instructions for your chosen hydroponic system, ensuring all components are securely in place.
  3. Add your growing medium: Fill your container with your chosen growing medium, leaving enough space for the roots and nutrient solution.
  4. Mix your nutrient solution: Follow the instructions for your chosen nutrient solution, measuring the water and fertilizer to achieve the correct ratio.
  5. Adjust the pH: Use your pH meter to check the acidity of your nutrient solution and adjust it to the correct range using pH adjusters.
  6. Plant your seeds or seedlings: Follow the instructions for your chosen plant, ensuring the roots are covered by the growing medium and the plant is securely in place.
  7. Add your light source: If you’re growing indoors, ensure your light source is set up and positioned correctly to provide the necessary light for your plants.
  8. Monitor and adjust: Regularly monitor your nutrient solution, pH levels, and plant growth, making adjustments as necessary to ensure optimal growing conditions.
See also  what can you grow in hydroponics

Choosing the Right Plants for Hydroponics

Hydroponic Plants

Not all plants are suitable for hydroponics, so it’s important to choose the right ones for your system. Here are some popular plants that thrive in hydroponic systems:

  • Lettuce and leafy greens
  • Herbs such as basil, mint, and parsley
  • Tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers
  • Strawberries and other small fruits
  • Flowers such as orchids and roses

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Hydroponic Problems

Like any gardening method, hydroponics can have its share of issues. Here are some common problems and how to troubleshoot them:

  • Algae growth: Algae can grow in your nutrient solution and clog your system. Use an algae inhibitor or reduce the amount of light reaching your nutrient solution.
  • pH imbalance: If your pH is too high or low, your plants won’t be able to absorb nutrients. Adjust your pH using pH adjusters.
  • Nutrient deficiency: If your plant leaves are yellowing or stunted, it may be a nutrient deficiency. Check your nutrient solution and adjust as necessary.
  • Disease or pests: While hydroponics eliminates soil-borne diseases, it’s still possible for pests to invade your system. Use organic pest control methods or remove infected plants.


Hydroponics is a versatile and efficient way to grow plants, whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out. With the right equipment and knowledge, you can create a thriving hydroponic system that produces healthy and delicious fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Experiment with different plants and growing conditions to find what works best for you. Happy gardening!

About admin

Check Also

are hydroponic strawberries bigger than others

are hydroponic strawberries bigger than others

Strawberries are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They are sweet, juicy, …

are hydroponic stores allowed to sell marijuana seeds

are hydroponic stores allowed to sell marijuana seeds

If you’re a gardening enthusiast interested in growing your own plants, you may be wondering …

are hydroponic plants safe to eat

are hydroponic plants safe to eat

Introduction Hydroponic plants are becoming more and more popular among gardening enthusiasts. The idea of …

are hydroponic nutrients vegan

are hydroponic nutrients vegan

Hydroponics is a modern method of growing plants without soil. Instead, plants are grown in …